In the Footsteps of Alexander the Great

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A spectacular journey of discovery in the footsteps of Alexander the Great


Duration: 15 Days
Starts in: Uzbekistan
Group Size: 4-16

Operated by:

World Expeditions

World Expeditions is an adventure travel and ecotourism company that offers guided small group trekking and adventure holidays.


Arrive Tashkent

On arrival into Tashkent you will be met and transferred to the group hotel. The rest of the day is at leisure. This evening you will meet the rest of the group for dinner. Overnight: Shodlik Palace or similar

Transfer to Samarkand

This morning we drive from Tashkent to the ancient city of Samarkand (300 km, 5 hrs). The rest of the day is dedicated to sightseeing of Samarkand’s major attractions such as Registan Square considered one of the wonders of the ancient world. Being the "heart" of Samarkand and city’s main square it is enclosed by three spectacular madrassah dating back to 1400s with quite inner courtyards. These huge buildings adorned with domes and minarets are intricately laid in charming azure blue glazed tiles. We will also visit the grandiose Cathedral Mosque Bibi-Khanum, nearby Siab Bazaar with its colorful stalls and Gur-Emir Mausoleum – the resting place of Timurid royal family. Overnight: Hotel City Samarkand

Samarkand sightseeing, transfer to Bukhara

After breakfast we check out from the hotel and proceed for Samarkand sightseeing covering the remains of meridian quadrant of Ulugh Beg’ observatory which allowed Samarkand's astronomers to produce the most accurate calibration of the stars position. Their outstanding body of work comprised "Zidj -e - Kuragoni" , astronomic tables featuring the most exact coordinates of 1018 stars; Shakhi-Zinda Necropolis, resting place of princesses and princes of Timurid dynasty, as well as aristocracy of the that period boasting unique architectural masterpieces of intricate tile patterns which turn this sanctuary into a real heaven of green turquoise and blue azure colors. Both sights are located on the ancient hill from which the city of Marakanda, once conquered by Alexander the Great, majestically dominated the area. We will also get acquainted with the Hellenistic period in the history of Samarkand exploring the exhibits of local Afrosiab Museum. After lunch we drive to Bukhara. Overnight hotel. Overnight: Kavsar Boutique Hotel


Bukhara is one of the most ancient cities of Uzbekistan, situated on the sacred hill, it is supposed to be founded in the 13th Century BC during reign of Siyavushids who came to power 980 years before Alexander the Great. The name of Bukhara originates from the Sanscrite word “vihara” which stands for “Buddhist monastery”. The city with its 140 architectural monuments was once a large commercial centre on the Great Silk Road. The old city of Bukhara consists of a maze of narrow streets, busy bazars and colorfully tailed historic landmarks mainly dating back to the Middle Age. Visit mausoleum of the founder of Samanid dynasty which plan reminds the geometric pattern of Buddhist mandala, Bukhara’s citadel belted by massive defensive walls and overlooking the Old City. We will also visit ancient mosques, madrassah and ancient domed bazaars as well as the Summer Residence of the last rulers of Bukhara located in the city’s suburb. Overnight: Kavsar Boutique Hotel or similar

Drive to Shakhriisabz via Nautaka and Katta Langar village

Today we drive to Shakhrisabz. Along the way we will visit major sights of Nautaka ( present day Karshi) located on the bank of Limpid River (Kashkadarya ) and Katta Langar village. In Nautaka Alexander the Great with his army passed two winters and planned his Indian campaign. Here we will visit Odina Madrassah, the oldest female educational establishment of the region once erected on the sight of Khan’s residence. It is now converted in little local museum. The biggest and the most beautiful mosque of the city, Kok-Gumbaz, built in XVI c. in the basement of the older Namosgokh Mosque and adorned with majolica glazed tiles. In the picturesque Katta langar mountain village we will see ancient mosque which for many decencies housed world’s oldest copy of Holy Koran once belonging to Caliph Osman (VII). In Shakhrisabz we will visit Burial places of Timurid royalty in their hometown - Shakhrisabz and will explore the ruins of Tamerlan’s summer residence, the Ak-Sarai Palace (1380-1404). Overnight: Shakhrisabz Star or similar

Drive to Termez via Baysun region

Today we drive to Termez. Along the way we will have half day sightseeing in Baysun. Baysun is a picturesque region situated in the grand Ketmen-Chapti massif. Its deeply rooted folk traditions were included on UNESCO’s list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Today we will also meet Baysun local families, which will introduce us to the lifestyle, traditions and culture of local people. Along the way to Baysun we will visit 1000 years old “chinara” (plane tree) in Sayrob mountain settlement, 10th century Towering minaret of Jarkurgan and the sight known as the bridge of Alexander the Great. Overnight: Meridian Termez

Sightseeing in Termez

Today we will have full day sightseeing in and around Termez. We will first visit ruins of Buddhist monastic complex with stupa “Fayaz tepe”; resting place of Samanid aristocracy; Kyrk-Kyz country estate of Samadid dynasty; archeological site of Kampyr-Tepe with its maze of excavated walls as well as Termez archeological museum. Overnight: Meridian Termez

Transfer to Dushanbe

After breakfast we commence our drive to “Saryosiyo” border point where we will complete border formalities and cross on foot into Tajikistan. Today we will have excursion around Dushanbe. We will explore Dushanbe modern landmarks : Independent Square, Monument erected to the founder of Tajik State , Ismail Samani; Rudaki Avenue as well as city’s museum with interesting collection of ancient artifacts. Overnight: Lotus Hotel or similar

Transfer to Margib village

Margib is an ancient Tajik ethnic settlement situated in the Valley of Yagnob River. Its inhabitants called Yagnobiens are descendants of ancient Sogdians. Today we will hike along the grandiose gorge of Zamin-Karor rocky massif and get familiar with the lifestyle of local people. Overnight: Local village homestay

Transfer to Saritag via Iskanderkul

Iskanderkul is the biggest and the most picturesque lake of Fann mountains. Today we will hike around the lake and to the “Fann Niagara”- 40 meters high waterfall. Picnic by the lake. After lunch we will drive to Saritag village where we will be acquainted with traditions and the daily life of local people. Overnight: Local village homestay

Transfer to Khujand (Alexandria Eshata) via Istravshan

Today we set off for Khodjent our route will lay through the mountain pass “Shakhristan”. Along the way we will visit the ancient city of Kiropolis, present day Istravshan, founded by Persian King Cyrus in 7th century B.C. We will explore old city with its bazaar Kok Gumbaz Mosque(XVI) and Mug hill. After lunch we continue the drive to Khujand (Alexandria Eshata). Overnight: Khujand Deluxe Hotel or similar

Khujand, transfer to Tashkent

Today we will get around Khujand and visit its main sights such as Sheikh Maslikhiddin Mausoleum and Mosque (XIV-XIX c.c.), Payshambe bazaar and Country estate of Urumkhodjaev family which bears resemblance to the palace of Russian tsars in Petergof. After lunch we commence our drive to the “Oybek” border point and after completing border formalities enter into Uzbekistan. Overnight: Shodlik Palace or similar

Sightseeing in Tashkent

Today we will get around Tashkent and get acquainted with its main sights: Khast-Imam( Jhazret – Imam) complex including Tillya Sheykh Mosque, Barak Khan madrassah, Muyimuborak madrassah converted in library-museum and housing the world’s oldest copy of the Koran once belonging to Caliph Osman (VII). Overnight: Shodlik Palace or similar

Tashkent, trip concludes

Today in Tashkent, your trip concludes.

Additional Information

Follow in the footsteps of Alexander the Great and discover the fabled Silk Road oasis towns of Tashkent, Samarkand and Bukhara. After exploring the famous museums of Tashkent we travel to Samarkand with one of the most impressive sights in the region, Registan Square. Discover some of the oldest towns in the world with ancient mosques and palaces, citadels, minarets, colourful bazaars, highly-adorned mausoleums, and age-old traditions. This unforgettable adventure travels through the ancient cultural landscapes and spectacular landscapes of Tajikistan, one of Central Asia's most picturesque countries. Visit the stunning alpine lake of Iskander-Kul on the northern slopes of the Gissar Range in the Fann Mountains, where according to tradition the lake takes its name from Alexander the Great. If you are looking for an unforgettable experience exploring the hidden heart of Central Asia - its natural wonders are perfectly combined with cultural highlights to discover in depth the beauty of this historical region.


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